Aside from the pyramids and sphinx at Giza, the temples at Abu Simbel are perhaps the most recognisable tourist attractions in Egypt.
Ramesses II, also called Ramesses the Great, built seven rock-cut temples in Nubia. The temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel is the greatest of these.
Relocated in it’s entirety during the 1960s due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam, the complex consists of two temples; The Great Temple and The Small Temple.
The Great Temple is dedicated to Amun, Ra-Horakhty, Ptah and the deified Rameses himself.
The Small Temple of Hathor and Nefertari was dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Ramesses II’s chief consort, Nefertari.
(Some of the above came from this Wikipedia article.)
The temples were dismantled and relocated in 1968 on the desert plateau, 200 feet above and 600 feet west of their original location.